The FY 2019 Appropriations Act provided $900 million for National Infrastructure Investments. As with previous rounds, funds for the FY 2019 BUILD (Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development) Transportation program are to be awarded on a competitive basis for projects that will have a significant local or regional impact. Fiscal Year 2019 BUILD Transportation grants are for investments in surface transportation infrastructure and will be awarded on a competitive basis to projects that will have a significant local or regional impact. BUILD funding can support roads, bridges, transit, rail, ports or intermodal transportation.
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019 specifies that BUILD Transportation Discretionary Grants may not be less than $5 million and not greater than $25 million, except that for projects located in rural areas the minimum BUILD Transportation Discretionary Grant size is $1 million. The FY 2019 Appropriations Act specifies that not more than 50 percent of funds can be spent on projects located in a rural area with a population equal to or less than 200,000 and not more than 50 percent of funds can be spent on projects located in an urbanized area with a population of more than 200,000. The Department revised the definition for rural and urban projects from previous BUILD/TIGER rounds to two categories, consistent with the urban and rural funding maximums. Pursuant to the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019, no more than 10 percent of the funds made available for TIGER BUILD Transportation Discretionary Grants (or $90 million) may be awarded to projects in a single State. Further, pursuant to the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019, DOT must take measures to ensure an equitable geographic distribution of grant funds, an appropriate balance in addressing the needs of urban and rural areas, and investment in a variety of transportation modes.
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019 requires that FY 2019 BUILD funds are only available for obligation through September 30, 2021. No FY 2019 BUILD funds may be expended after September 30, 2026. As part of the review and selection process described in the Notice of Funding Opportunity, DOT will consider whether a project is ready to proceed with an obligation of grant funds from DOT within the statutory time provided. Under the FY 2019 Appropriations Act, no waiver is possible for these deadlines.